Abstract. In this article, the author summarizes the itinary of research that led her to put on the same level the “coffee break stories’ by caregivers with the “little stories” by Jean Oury in his seminar at St.Anne Hospital. These narratives are set out on a cathartic and humorous, tragi-comic mode, and used to elaborate the suffering generated by the care activity and trasmit work’s experience, developing incidents where ethics takes the form of self irony and tricky behavior.
Summary. The contribution of psycho-analysis in institutions taking care of autistic persons
Among the different, complementary approaches, psycho-analysis has a specific contribution in an individual setting, in the relation with families and in team work.
Meeting with an autistic person with regard for his sensorial interests, without imposing a direct glance and welcoming his sponaneous glances, facilitates communitaion, prevents states of sensorial or emotional saturation and diminishes the spacial anxieties. Before insisting on socially adapted behaviour, it is indicated to work in psychotherapy on the feeling to exist in his body and environment; this helps the launch into a spontaneous relationship and prepares a better availability for the proposed activities and social requirements. Putting words to and talking about bodily difficulties, playing with sensorial variations as well as understanding and making limited behaviour meaningful, will reduce the violent behaviour, hyperagitation, states of emotional saturation, mental clivage and muscular tension. The institutional work based on the analysis of the effects of transfer pays attention to complementary approaches with the families, thus preventing clivages. The tranquility and appeasing effect of this approach diminishes the behavioural problems of autistic persons, makes less medicin is needed and assists in their development. Read more