In Morocco, gender and sexual norms have strict guardians, potentially in the person of every citizen. There are diverse situations which entail multiple reactions depending on the class and race relations that permeate Moroccan society. However, the violation of gender norms usually brings about cruel physical, social, legal and media repression.
Yet can we talk about trauma here? Is it legitimate to say, at any time and in any place, that gender or sexuality are traumatic assignments?
How can this notion be used in its psychoanalytical specificity (and not in a psychiatric or media sense) and what implications does this use have in revealing the ethnocentric limits that a universalist psychoanalysis may experience, but also in defining what the author calls “minor psychoanalysis”?
The author proposes to quickly review the archaeology and genealogy of this notion, to see how, when used in a particular way, it may perpetuate subalternizations.
The contemporary researches on homosexuality knew a development and a diversification during the last thirty years in France. Nevertheless, gay and lesbian lifecourse and identities remain mainly studied remotely. Leaning on two corpuses of biographic interviews between 2005 and 2012 with gay men and lesbian from 17 to 35 years old, this article proposes an analysis of the construction of a minority subjectivity. However, the article asks how the heterosexual norm constraint still produces differentiated modes of identification. Moreover, by analyzing the articulation of the social relationships of class and gender, the object of the article is to analyze the social variations of gay or lesbian way of being in contemporary France. The article concentrates particularly over the first years of the discovery of the homosexuality, the implications regarding definition of oneself, and the way gay and lesbian choose (or not) to reveal their sexual orientation to their family.