Taylorisme like the Phenix

Abstract

This contribution aims at highlighting the elements of continuity and break between Taylorism and modern management. It shows namely the importance of ideology and of the strategy consisting in an attack against the skill, knowledge, craft and experience detained by workers, so as to prevent them from contesting the way their work is organized.

Instituting the role of conflict in « Kulturarbeit »

Abstract

The article is dedicated to discerning the vital function of conflict in Kulturarbeit, in accordance with Freud’s attempt to define this term. To this end the theoretical tradition of a work clinic is taken up again from a particular angle as a clinic of activity.The definition of a work collective is questioned through a singular example belonging to the field of creation, namely the aborted professional relationships between three poets in Weimar: Hölderlin, Schiller and Goethe.

Hats stories

The S.A.I.P.P.H. (Support Service for the Professional integration of people with disabilities) is a medico-social unit that assists people with psychological disorders in their relationship to work. Indeed, before they can start applying for jobs, they need guidance to dive into their own representations of themselves. This work highlights the importance of social identities – what we call « hats » – which can either alienate or support workers getting back on track.

Anteriority of ethics on the collective work

Summary

In a cross-reading of psychodynamics of work with institutional psychotherapy, the author questions the relationship between the collective – conceived as an agonistic space – and the underlining of ethics. She analyzes the relationship between courtesy as a social rule and kindness as an ethical rule and stresses the limits of the Aristotelian model of collective deliberation, when one needs to think about the dynamics of the caring collective taking into account its heterogeneity. Ethics is considered as a condition of the collective around a “necessary minimum” that makes possible the conflict and the elaboration of ethical rules for action. The article concludes with the questions raised by the articulation between the peer group and the function of director.

 

Actuality, genealogy and ideology of the factory of happiness at work

Summary

Through a dialogue between philosophy, sociology, management theory and human relations theory, economics and labour sciences (ergonomics, psychology and occupational psychology), this contribution pays philosophical attention to the use of instruments (interviews and statistical surveys) and ideological vectors (motivation theories, positive psychology, new hygienics, managerial optimism, injunctive hedonism) for the production of happiness at work. It is based on an analysis of the conceptualizations of well-being and quality of life at work, in the service of a competitive life, which have followed one another from the beginning of the 20th century to the present day. Its guiding principle is to decipher the normative and ethical foundations, as well as the power logics and decoys on which the government of men is based by the promise of happiness.

From “usefull” to “useless”: retirement of women

Abstract

Retirement is a subject rarely discussed in the psychoanalytic literature. However, it is particularly interesting to understand working and its impact on mental health. Based on a thesis and with support of 28 research interviews conducted with retired women aged 60 to 67,  this article focuses on the transition to retirement and the psychic operations mobilized in this regard.

Grief, work without a goal or the freaky expression “work of grief” (Lagache)

Abstract

The translation of Trauerbeit by “​work of grief”, quite popular today both in psychoanalytical discourse and community and in common usage, has never been controversial. And yet, linking “work” to “grief” definitely has effects on clinical practice: what results could be expected from an experience Freud himself deemed inconsolable? Historicizing the way “death was made savage”, as Philippe Ariès wrote, may help understand how grief has become an “intimate undertaking”, a private business.